The Astronomical Journal has published tremendous results of the new research conducted by CalTech professors Mike Brown and Konstantin Batygin. They claim there is the ninth planet that is floating in the farthest space of our solar system—the area where the sunlight does not reach.
You will be surprised to know that it was Brown and Batygin who declared Pluto a dwarf planet in 2006. The main reason for such conclusion was the contemplation that Pluto was one of those small icy celestial bodies that were allocated in the Kuiper belt, the area far away from Neptune’s orbit. Pluto, like other objects in that area of our solar system, does not have the basic features of a planet, which are: the object has to be of spherical shape only, it has to orbit the Sun, and it must be able to clear own orbit from debris.
Our mysterious “Planet X” (that is its unofficial name) supposedly meets all of the essential requirements for being named a planet according to the calculations of Brown and Batygin. During the research of six tiny objects in the Kuiper belt, the scientist noticed the specific arrangement of their orbits—they create a funnel toward the Sun, and it may not be a simple coincidence.
The research explains this event with the fact that the new “Planet X” pulls their orbits into its own.
In the case when the theory is confirmed by subsequent investigations, it will in fact mean that Planet X is orbiting the Sun from such a distance that seemed unthinkable just yesterday. So the question is—where is “Planet X”? Well, it is so far away that to complete the only trip around the Sun it needs 15 000 years, while Neptune, which has the longest orbit ever known, needs only 164 years to finish the trip.
The obvious evidence of existence of the ninth planet is the constant movement of a half- dozen celestial bodies in the Kuiper belt. The discovery of the new sterling planet is a unique case in history. This was the first time when astronomers could make themselves certain in the existence of a planet by evaluating the movement of other celestial bodies in our solar system.
However, in 1846, Neptune was discovered by the attentive astronomers that noticed irregular movement around Uranus and predicted the presence of another planet that influenced Uranus’ orbit. No one denies that the history may repeat itself in this case as well.